Acts Website Appendix C - Lexical Aspect of Main Verbs in Acts NP

The totals show, for each verb from Acts NP, the number of occurrences in Luke-Acts in the Imperfect Indicative, Present Participle, Aorist Indicative and Aorist Participle. From this data and the normal English translation, a lexical category is proposed out of State, Activity, Accomplishment and Achievement and Speech.

Note: Not all verbs used in Acts NP have been categorised for the list in the table below. Those that have not are low-frequency, as can be seen in the table below that.

  Luke-Acts Acts NP  
Imperfect Aorist Imperfect Aorist
Ind. Par. Ind. Par. Ind. Par. Ind. Par.
ἀγαλλιάω I rejoice     4       1   Achievement
ἄγω I lead 3 1 20 1 1 1 10 1 Accomplishment
αἴρω I raise   3 6 5     2 3 Accomplishment
αἰτέω I ask 2 6 6 2 1 1 1 1 Accomplishment
ἀκολουθέω I follow 6 1 5   2   1   Activity
ἀκούω I hear 7 23 29 37 5 5 9 16 Accomplishment
ἅλλομαι I spring up   1 1     1 1   Achievement
ἀναβαίνω I go up 2 2 15 5 2   7 2 Accomplishment
ἀναβάλλω I adjourn     1       1   Achievement
ἀναβλέπω I receive sight     3 3     1   Achievement
ἀναγγέλλω I report 1 1 1   1 1 1   Speech
ἀναγινώσκω I read 2 3 1 2 2     2 Accomplishment
ἀνάγω I set sail/go up   1 9 5     6 4 Achievement
ἀναθεματίζω I put under oath     3       1   Achievement
ἀναιρέω I put to death   2 6       1   Achievement
ἀνακαθίζω I sit up     2       1   Achievement
ἀναλαμβάνω I lift up     4 3     2 2 Achievement
ἀνατίθημι I lay before     1       1   Achievement
ἀνθίστημι I resist 1       1       Activity
ἀνίημι I unfasten     1 1     1 1 Achievement
ἀνίστημι I arise     15 39     4 13 Achievement
ἀνοίγω I open     6 5     4 4 Achievement
ἀντιλέγω I speak against 1 3     1       Accomplishment
ἀξιόω I consider worthy 1   1   1       State
ἀπαγγέλλω I report 1 2 19       8   Accomplishment
ἀπασπάζομαι I take leave     1       1   Achievement
ἄπειμι I go 1       1       Activity
ἀπελαύνω I drive away     1       1   Achievement
ἀπέρχομαι I depart     11 8     3 1 Achievement
ἀπιστέω I disbelieve 2 1     1       State
ἀποδέχομαι I welcome 1   2 2 1   1   Accomplishment
ἀποδίδωμι I give 1   3 1 1       Accomplishment
ἀποκόπτω I cut off     1       1   Achievement
ἀποκρίνομαι I answer     22 43     11 6 Achievement
ἀπολογέομαι I defend myself 1 2     1 1     Activity
ἀπολύω I release 1 1 10 2 1   7 1 Achievement
ἀποπίπτω I fall     1       1   Achievement
ἀποπλέω I sail away     2 1     4 1 Achievement
ἀποστέλλω I send     24 7     6 2 Achievement
ἀποτίθημι I put off     1       1   Achievement
ἀποφθέγγομαι I declare     1       1   Accomplishment
ἀποχωρέω I leave       1       1 Achievement
ἀρέσκω I please     1       1   Achievement
ἁρπάζω I seize     1       1   Achievement
ἄρχω I begin   2 24 7     5 2 Achievement
ἀσφαλίζω I secure     1       1   Achievement
ἀτενίζω I stare   2   9   1   7 Achievement
αὐξάνω I Increase 5   2   3       State
ἀφίστημι I withdraw 1   4 2     5 4 Achievement
ἀφορίζω I separate     3       1   Achievement
βάλλω I throw   4 9 1     3   Achievement
βαπτίζω I baptise 2   11 4 2   6 1 Accomplishment
βλασφημέω I blaspheme 1 4   1   1     Speech
βλέπω I see 1 11     1 2     Activity
βουλεύω I resolve 1       1       Activity
βούλομαι I plan 4 6     2 3     Activity
βρύχω I gnash 1       1       Activity
γίνομαι I become 3 11 137 49 3 1 46 10 Achievement
γινώσκω I know 2   10 4     2 1 Achievement
δέχομαι I receive     6 2     1   Achievement
δημηγορέω I deliver a speech 1       1       Activity
διακρίνω I criticise 1 1 1 1 1       Accomplishment
διαλέγομαι I discuss 3 5 2   3 2 2   Accomplishment
διαμαρτύρομαι I testify solemnly   3 2 1   2 1   Accomplishment
διαμάχομαι I contend sharply 1       1       Accomplishment
διαμερίζω I distribute 1 2 1 1 1       Accomplishment
διανοίγω I open up 1 2 3     1 1   Accomplishment
διαπορέω I am at a loss 4       3       State
διαπρίω I am infuriated 2       2       State
διασπείρω I scatter     1 2     1   Achievement
διατρίβω I remain 4 1 2 1 4 1 2 1 State
διαφέρω I spread 1 1     1       Activity
διδάσκω I teach 5 14 2   3 4     Activity
δίδωμι I give 3 4 24 3 1   2 1 Accomplishment
διέρχομαι I pass through 6 4 5 8 2 3 3 6 Accomplishment
διηγέομαι I relate fully     3       2   Accomplishment
διϊσχυρίζομαι I insist 2       1       Accomplishment
δοκέω I think 2   5 1 1   1 1 Accomplishment
δοξάζω I glorify 7 5 2   3   1   Accomplishment
ἐάω I allow 3   4 1 2   2 1 Accomplishment
ἐγείρω I raise up     16 1     4   Achievement
εἰμί I am 18 48     67 4     State
εἰσάγω I lead in     5       1   Achievement
εἴσειμι I come into 2       2       State
εἰσέρχομαι I enter   2 33 22     12 9 Achievement
εἰσπηδάω I rush in     1       1   Achievement
ἐκβάλλω I cast out   4 3 4   1 1 2 Accomplishment
ἐκλέγω I choose 1   6 3     2   Achievement
ἐκπέμπω I send out     1 1     1 1 Accomplishment
ἐκπηδάω I rush out     1       1   Achievement
ἐκπίπτω I fall off   1 1       1   Achievement
ἐκπλέω I sail away 1   1   1   1   Accomplishment
ἐκπλήσσω I am astonished 2 1 1     1     State
ἐκτίθημι I explain 2   1 1 2   1   Accomplishment
ἐκτινάσσω I shake off       2       2 Achievement
ἐκφέρω I carry out     2 1       2 Achievement
ἐκψύχω I expire     3       3   Achievement
ἕλκω I drag 1   1   1   1   Accomplishment
ἐμβιβάζω I put aboard     1       1   Achievement
ἐμμένω I continue     1       1   Accomplishment
ἐμφανίζω I disclose     4       2   Achievement
ἐνδυναμόω I am empowered 1       1       State
ἐνισχύω I strengthen   1 1       1   Accomplishment
ἐξανίστημι I rise up     2       1   Achievement
ἐξαποστέλλω I send off     9       3   Achievement
ἔξειμι I depart 1 1     1       Accomplishment
ἐξέρχομαι I go out 3 3 27 21 1   11 7 Achievement
ἐξηγέομαι I explain 2 1 1 1 1 1   1 Accomplishment
ἐξίστημι I amaze 5 1 4   4 1 1   Achievement/State
ἐπαίρω I lift up     4 5     4 1 Achievement
ἐπακροάομαι I listen 1       1       Activity
ἐπεγείρω I stir up     2       2   Accomplishment
ἐπερωτάω I question 5 1 9 2     1 1 Accomplishment
ἐπέχω I hold fast 1 1 1   1   1   State
ἐπιβάλλω I put on   1 4 1     4   Achievement
ἐπιγινώσκω I recognise 3   3 7 3   1 4 Accomplishment
ἐπιδίδωμι I deliver 1 1 3       1 1 Achievement
ἐπιζητέω I seek for 1   1 1     1 1 Activity
ἐπικέλλω I run aground     1       1   Achievement
ἐπιλαμβάνω I take hold of     1 9     1 6 Achievement
ἐπιμένω I continue 1 1 2   1   2   Accomplishment
ἐπινεύω I give consent     1       1   Achievement
ἐπιπίπτω I fall upon     6 1     3 1 Achievement
ἐπιστηρίζω I strengthen   3 1     3 1   Accomplishment
ἐπιστρέφω I turn to   1 4 4     2 2 Achievement
ἐπιτάσσω I command     3       1   Achievement
ἐπιτίθημι I lay upon 1 1 4 8 1   2 4 Achievement
ἐπιτρέπω I permit     3 1     2   Achievement
ἐπιφωνέω I shout out 4       2       Activity
ἐπιχειρέω I attempt 1   2   1   1   Accomplishment
ἐργάζομαι I work 1 1     1       Activity
ἔρχομαι I come/go 3 16 57 21 1   22 4 Accomplishment
ἐρωτάω I entreat 4 2 6   3   1   Accomplishment
ἐσθίω I eat 4 3 7 1     1   Accomplishment
εὐαγγελίζω I evangelise 4 11 1 1 3 5 1 1 Activity
εὐθυδρομέω I take a straight course     1 1     1 1 Accomplishment
εὐκαιρέω I have opportunity 1       1       Activity
εὑρίσκω I find 2 2 40 14   1 8 7 Achievement
εὐχαριστέω I give thanks   1 1 3     1 1 Accomplishment
εὔχομαι I pray 1       1       Accomplishment
ἔχω I have 14 13 1   7 1     State
ζητέω I seek 12 8 2   2 1 1   Activity
ἡσυχάζω I am silent     4       2   Achievement
θάπτω I bury     4 1     2   Accomplishment
θαυμάζω I marvel 5 4 6 1 2       Accomplishment
θέλω I wish 6 10 5 1 3 2 1   Accomplishment
θεραπεύω I heal 4 1 3   2   1   Achievement
θεωρέω I behold 1 7   1   3     Activity
θορυβέω I disturb 1       1       Activity
ἰάομαι I heal 2 1 6       1   Accomplishment
ἵστημι I stand     17 12     6 4 Achievement
ἰσχύω I am able 3 1 8   3   2   Accomplishment
καθάπτω I seize     1       1   Achievement
κάθημαι I sit 3 12     1 2     Activity
καθίζω I sit down     5 8     3 3 Achievement
καθίημι I lower   2 2       1   Accomplishment
κακόω I harm     2       1   Accomplishment
καλέω I call 2 24 2 6 1       Accomplishment
καταβαίνω I go down 2 4 12 6     5 4 Accomplishment
καταγγέλλω I proclaim 1   3   1       Accomplishment
κατάγω I bring down     3 3     2 2 Achievement
κατακαίω I burn up 1       1       Accomplishment
καταλείπω I leave     4 3     2 1 Achievement
καταντάω I arrive     7 1     7   Achievement
κατανύσσομαι I am pierced     1       1   Achievement
καταπαύω I cause to cease     1       1   Achievement
κατασείω I motion     1 3     1 3 Accomplishment
κατατρέχω I run down to     1       1   Accomplishment
καταφεύγω I flee     1       1   Achievement
καταφιλέω I kiss 2   1   1       Achievement
κατέρχομαι I come down     8 5     7 4 Achievement
κατεφίσταμαι I rise up against     1       1   Accomplishment
κατέχω I hold fast 2       1       Activity
κελεύω I order 1   13 3 1   10 3 Achievement
κηρύσσω I proclaim 2 7 1   2 1     Activity
κινέω I put in motion   1 1       1   Accomplishment
κλείω I shut     2       1   Achievement
κοιμάομαι I fall asleep/ sleep   2 2     1 1   State
κουφίζω I lighten 1       1       Activity
κράζω I cry out 5 4 2 1 4 3 1 1 Accomplishment
κωλύω I hinder 1 1 2 1     1 1 Accomplishment
λαλέω I speak 13 24 20 4 8 2 2 1 Speech
λαμβάνω I take, receive 1   10 18 1   2 7 Achievement
λάμπω I shine     1       1   State
λέγω I say 36 164 363 25 9 45 82 11 Speech
λιθοβολέω I stone 2 1     2       Activity
λούω I wash     1 1     1 1 Accomplishment
λυμαίνω I ravage 1       1       Accomplishment
λύω I loose 1 1 1 3 1   1   Accomplishment
μεγαλύνω I exalt 2 1 1   2 1     Activity
μέλλω I am about to 8 22     4 4     State
μέλω I care 1       1       State
μένω I remain 4 1 4   3   3   Accomplishment
μετακαλέω I summon     3       1   Achievement
μεταλαμβάνω I participate 1     1 1       Activity
μεταπέμπομαι I summon   1 2 2   1 1 1 Achievement
νομίζω I suppose 4 2 1 1 2 2     Activity
νοσφίζω I keep back     1       1   Achievement
ξενίζω I show hospitality   1 2       2   Accomplishment
οἶδα I know                 State
ὁμιλέω I converse 2     1 1     1 Activity
ὁράω I see   1 45 52     11 14 Achievement
ὁρμάω I rush     3       2   Achievement
παραβιάζομαι I prevail upon     2       1   Accomplishment
παραγγέλλω I command     9 3     3 2 Achievement
παραγίνομαι I arrive     8 19     3 11 Achievement
παραδέχομαι I accept     1       1   Achievement
παραδίδωμι I hand over 3 3 8 2 3     2 Accomplishment
παραινέω I urge 1 1     1       Accomplishment
παρακαλέω I exhort 11 4 9 2 7 2 7 2 Accomplishment
παραλέγομαι I coast 1 1     1 1     Activity
παρατείνω I prolong 1       1       Activity
παρατηρέω I watch closely 2 1   1 1       Activity
παρατίθημι I entrust   2 3     1 2   Accomplishment
πάρειμι I am present 2       1       State
παρέχω I present 3   1 1 3   1   Accomplishment
παρίστημι I present     6       4   Achievement
παροξύνω I am distressed 1       1       State
παροτρύνω I incite     1       1   Accomplishment
παρρησιάζομαι I speak boldly 1 3 1 1 1 2   1 Accomplishment
πάσχω I suffer     1       1   Accomplishment
πατάσσω I smite     2 2     1 1 Achievement
παύω I cease 1   5   1   1   Achievement
πείθω I persuade 6 3 2 3 4 2 2 2 Accomplishment
πειράζω I attempt, test 2 2 1   2       Accomplishment
περιαιρέω I cast off 1   2   1     2 Accomplishment
περιαστράπτω I shine around     1       1   Accomplishment
περιπατέω I walk 2 4 1   2 1 1   Activity
περισσεύω I abound 1 1   1 1       Achievement
περιτέμνω I circumcise     2       1   Achievement
πίμπλημι I fill     17 2     6 2 Achievement
πίνω I drink 2 3 2 1     1   Accomplishment
πιπράσκω I sell 1 1   1 1       Activity
πίπτω I fall   1 10 8     4 3 Achievement
πιστεύω I believe 1 7 11 6 1 1 9   Achievement
πλέω I sail 1 3     1       Activity
πληθύνω I increase 3 1 1   3       State
πληρόω I fill 4 1 7 3 2   3 1 Accomplishment
ποιέω I do 12 13 40 18 8 2 9 4 Accomplishment
πορεύομαι I proceed 11 14 8 10 4 1 2   Accomplishment
προέρχομαι I precede 1   1 2     1 2 Accomplishment
προπέμπω I send forth 1 1   1 1       Accomplishment
προσδοκάω I wait for 1 7     1 2     Activity
προσέρχομαι I go to 1 3 3 11 1   2 4 Accomplishment
προσεύχομαι I pray 3 10 3 6   2 3 6 Accomplishment
προσέχω I give heed to 3       3       State
προσκαλέομαι I summon     1 9       5 Achievement
προσκληρόω I join     1       1   Achievement
προσκυνέω I prostrate myself     1 1     1   Achievement
προσλαμβάνω I take aside     3 2     3 1 Achievement
προσπίπτω I fall down     3 1     1   Achievement
προστάσσω I order     2       1   Achievement
προστίθημι I add to 2   7 1 2   3   Achievement
προσφέρω I offer, bring to 1 1 4       2   Achievement
προσφωνέω I call to 1 1 4       1   Accomplishment
προϋπάρχω I exist before 2       1       State
προφητεύω I prophesy 2 1 1   1       Accomplishment
πυνθάνομαι I seek to learn 6     1 4     1 Activity
πωλέω I sell 1 2 1 1   1 1 1 Accomplishment
ῥίπτω I throw   1 1 2     1 2 Accomplishment
σαλεύω I shake   2 1     1 1   Accomplishment
σημαίνω I predict     1       1   Accomplishment
σιγάω I become silent     4       1   Achievement
στερεόω I make strong 1   2   1   1   Achievement
συγκαλέω I summon     1 3     1 1 Achievement
συγκαταψηφίζομαι I am numbered with     1       1   Achievement
συγκινέω I stir up     1       1   Accomplishment
συγκομίζω I bury     1       1   Achievement
συγχέω I confound 2   1   2   1   Accomplishment
συζητέω I dispute 1 1     1 1     Activity
συμβαίνω I happen     1 1     1   Achievement
συμβάλλω I consider 3 1 1   3   1   Activity
συμβιβάζω I give instructions   2 1     2 1   Accomplishment
συμβουλεύω I plot     1       1   Accomplishment
συμψηφίζω I count up     1       1   Accomplishment
συνάγω I gather together   1 5 3     2 2 Accomplishment
συναρπάζω I seize     1       1 1 Achievement
συνέρχομαι I go with 2   5 6 1   5   Accomplishment
συνέπομαι I accompany 1       1       Activity
συνεπιτίθημι I join in     1       1   Achievement
συνεφίστημι I join in against     1       1   Achievement
συνέχω I hold together 2 3 1   1 1 1   Activity
συντρέχω I run together     1       1   Accomplishment
σύρω I drag 2 1     2 1     Activity
σχίζω I split     3 1     2   Achievement
ταράσσω I trouble   1 3     1 1   Accomplishment
τάσσω I appoint   1 1 1     1 1 Achievement
τηρέω I keep 2       2       Activity
τίθημι I put 2   20 6 2   8 4 Achievement
τιμάω I honour     1       1   Accomplishment
τολμάω I dare 3       1       State
τύπτω I beat 2 3     1 1     Activity
ὑπακούω I obey 1   1 1 1       Achievement
ὑποβάλλω I incite     1       1   Accomplishment
ὑπολαμβάνω I take up     1 1     1   Accomplishment
ὑπομένω I stay     2       1   Achievement
ὑπονοέω I suspect 2       1       State
ὑποστρέφω I return 2 1 16 6 1 1 6   Accomplishment
φέρω I carry 4 5 1 2 3 1 1 2 Activity
φημί I say 21   21       14   Speech
φοβέω I fear 5 9 6 2 2 2 2 1 State
φωνέω I call out 1   3 6     1 3 Accomplishment
χαίρω I rejoice 2 5 4   1 2 2   Accomplishment
χράω I employ 1     1 1     1 Accomplishment

 


The table below shows, for each verb from Acts NP that has yet to be categorised, and is therefore not included in the above table, the number of occurrences in Acts NP in the Imperfect Indicative, Present Participle, Aorist Indicative and Aorist Participle.

  Acts NP
Imperfect Aorist
Ind. Par. Ind. Par.
ἁγνίζω       1
αἰνέω   2    
ἀναδίδωμι       1
ἀναδέχομαι       1
ἀνακρίνω   1   1
ἀναστρέφω       1
ἀναφαίνω       1
ἀναχωρέω       2
ἀνευρίσκω       1
ἀντιτάσσω        
ἀπαλλάσσω        
ἀπειθέω 1      
ἀποθνῄσκω        
ἀποσπάω       1
ἀποτινάσσω       1
ἀποτάσσω       2
ἀποφορτίζομαι   1    
ἀποφέρω        
ἀποχωρίζω        
ἀσθενέω       1
ἀσπάζομαι       4
βαστάζω 1      
βολίζω       2
βοάω   2    
βραδυπλοέω   1    
γεύω       1
γράφω     1 2
δέομαι        
δέρω       1
δέω       1
διαγγέλλω   1    
διαγίνομαι        
διαδίδωμι 1      
διακατελέγχομαι 1      
διανύω       1
διαπλέω       1
διαπονέω   1   1
διαπορεύομαι 1      
διαρρήγνυμι       1
διασῴζω       1
διατάσσω       1
διαχλευάζω   1    
διενθυμέομαι        
διερμηνεύω   1    
διερωτάω       1
διΐστημι       1
διοδεύω       1
δύναμαι        
ἐγγίζω       1
εὐπορέω 1      
εἰσκαλέομαι       1
εἰσπορεύομαι   2    
εἰστρέχω       1
ἐκδιηγέομαι   1    
ἐκδέχομαι        
ἐκπορεύομαι   1    
ἐκτείνω       1
ἐκφεύγω        
ἐλπίζω   1    
ἐμπνέω   1    
ἐνδύω       1
ἐντέλλομαι       1
ἐξάγω       2
ἐξάλλομαι   1    
ἐξομολογέω   1    
ἐπιβαίνω       3
ἐπιγίνομαι        
ἐπιδείκνυμι   2    
ἐπικαλέω   1 1  
ἐπιλέγω       1
ἐπισκευάζω       1
ἐπισκιάζω        
ἐπιφαίνω   1    
ἐπίκειμαι        
ἐπίσταμαι   1    
ἐρείδω       1
ἐφάλλομαι       1
ζηλόω       1
ζέω   1    
θεάομαι       1
θυμομαχέω   1    
καθέζομαι   1    
κακολογέω   1    
κατακολουθέω   1    
κατακυριεύω       1
καταλαμβάνω       1
καταμένω   1    
κατανοέω 1      
καταξιόω     1  
καταστέλλω       1
καταφέρω   2   1
κατηχέω        
κατάκειμαι        
κατοικέω   1    
κείρω       1
κλαίω   1    
κλάω   1   2
κολλάω       1
κορέννυμι       1
κρατέω        
κραυγάζω        
κρίνω     1  
κρούω   1    
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